History You Never Knew About Ticonderoga Pencils

The history of Ticonderoga pencils is an interesting story that begins in 1812. Pencils are used today for a variety of uses and come in various styles and forms, as well. Keep reading to learn more about how this company revolutionized the way we look at pencils.

In 1812, Joseph Dixon made his first pencil and the idea was born. From that point, he went to work establishing his company and in 1827, he started what would later become known as the Joseph Dixon Crucible Company. In addition, this company began selling graphite to people to use as stove polish and later evolved to marketing graphite as a heat-resistant product. He moved his company to Jersey City, New Jersey where he had built his new factory. As popularity for the pencil grew and the demand increased, Dixon invented a machine that was able to produce pencils at a faster rate of 132 pencils per minute.

The Joseph Dixon Crucible Company became incorporated as a public company in 1868. In 1869 Joseph Dixon died, leaving his son-in-law in charge of the company. By 1872, the Joseph Dixon Crucible Company was manufacturing pencils in mass production, making 86,000 pencils per day. In 1873, the company purchased the American Graphite Company, which was based in Ticonderoga, NY. Moreover, in 1873, the Dixon Ticonderoga pencil is released to the public.

Throughout the years, this highly successful company began acquiring and merging with other companies such as, the American Crayon Company in 1957 (which helped them acquire Old Faithful pencils, Prang crayons, and Tempera art supplies). And later, took over the Wallace Pencil Company and their production facility located in Versailles, Missouri. And in 1983, the original company merged with Bryn Mawr Corporation and became known officially as, the Dixon Ticonderoga Company. After the name change, Gino N. Pala was named CEO and their main headquarters moved to Vero Beach, Florida. From that point, Dixon bought out another company, David Kahn Inc. and picked up their product, Wearever writing utensils.

From there, the headquarters moved its headquarters twice, once in 1990 to Maitland, Florida and again in 1996 to Heathrow, Florida. A year after the move to Maitland, Florida, and the company bought Vinci de Mexico and Dixon Ticonderoga released Prang Soybean Crayons. In 2000, a manufacturing company was built in China. 2003 brought changes to the company making it purely a consumer products company. In 2004, production in the United States ended when the company was bought out by the Italian company, Fila-Fabbricca Italiana Lapis Ed Affini S.p.A. They continue to manufacture writing utensils and the Ticonderoga pencil in factories located around the world in Asia, Italy, France, Germany, and Latin America.

These fine products can be found today all across the United States in department stores and office supply stores around the country. High-quality Dixon Ticonderoga pencils are available in various forms including, #1 (Extra Soft), #2 (soft), #2 1/2 (medium), #3 (hard), and #4 (extra hard). The design of these pencils is yellow, black, or American naturals, which is a woodtone. And the metal band for the eraser is green and yellow. Eraser options can be found in traditional pink or black. Another option is the “My First Ticonderoga” which is a thicker, round option that was designed for smaller fingers. This company also manufactures a “Green” option called the EnvironSTIK, which is eco-friendly and contains no coating and features a green eraser. Since 2008, the Ticonderoga Company has made a variety of writing/drawing utensils including dry erase markers, permanent markers, and highlighters, as well.

We hope you have learned some interesting information about the rich history of Ticonderoga pencils how the company got its start.

A Brief History of Nursing Education

When people think of the history of nursing education many immediately think of Florence Nightingale. However, nursing goes back even further than that. In fact, during the 18th century a slave named James Derham was able to buy his own freedom from the money he earned as a nurse. Nobody knew back then that a nursing education could be obtained in any other way than simply hands on through an apprenticeship. But, today there are many ways to study and learn more about nursing. Great examples of these are online nursing education and nursing continuing education.

But, it took a long time for these nursing programs to develop. And, they are descendents of the first nursing program that was established in the 1850s in London. Japan’s first nursing institute was established in 1885 and the first nursing institute for blacks in the United States followed the next year. The field of nursing was growing rapidly with the influences of individuals like Florence Nightingale and Claray Barton who established the Red Cross.

In the late 1800s the idea of visiting nursing was established by Lillian Wald and she began teaching a home nursing class. The American Nurses Association held its first meeting and the topics discussed helped further nursing education. Nurses began to be regulated on a national basis by New Zealand in 1901 and then other countries around the world began to follow suit.

The first nursing education that was established in the United States on the basis of education rather than the needs of hospitals was at Yale University in 1923. The Yale School of Nursing had its own curriculum and students were required to meet the educational standards of the university in order to graduate. This really set the stage for the future of education and since then universities across the nation have developed nursing programs of their own. Then, in the 1950s Colombia University offered a master’s in nursing and was the first university to do so. This really changed the nursing environment and allowed for nursing continuing education and nurses to grow in their chosen profession.

Now, more than 80 years later, a nursing education is available at college campuses, via online courses, and even through nursing continuing education. Men and women who want to become nurses can do so around their schedule and take advantage of all the study options for this amazing profession. There are many choices when it comes to an online nursing education and prospective nurses should really compare all of the programs to ensure they are studying from the best online university and are learning as much about nursing as possible.

The History of Kilometers and Miles

The relationship between kilometers and miles is very simple to understand. One kilometer converts to 0.62 miles. One mile has 1760 yards in it or 1,609.344 meters. What few people know is the long history behind how kilometers and miles as we know them today came into being.

A mile is currently the official unit of length in many countries of the world such as the United States. As time goes on, however, more and more countries are switching to the more popular metric system. There is much pressure to make the metric system the universal system for measurements, but countries such as the United States have strongly resisted this.

The mile as a form of measurement was first used by the Romans, though with a different meaning. Mile or mille passus was the distance attributed to one thousand paces which equaled five thousand Roman feet. Though it has lost popularity this unit is still used at times and is titled the Roman Mile. It measures 1,480 meters in length.

Our modern day definition of the 5280 foot Mile was not established until the 13th century. It took some time for the standardized mile to catch on. Many countries maintained their own separate systems for quite some time. Eventually the standardized mile became part of the Imperial Units of Measurement. In 1824, the British act of weights and measurements was applied to Britain and its colonies during that time, making the Imperial Units of Measurement standard. Still, many countries still held to their own unique mile.

All the confusion of measuring distance made it difficult for travelers to maintain accuracy when measuring. It was not until the year 1959 that the current unified length was finally agreed upon and established as what we currently know as the International Mile. The international mile can be broken down into international feet which are 0.3048 m. Up until this time; Miles were measured in feet, as defined by the English speaking countries.

Today, most countries in the world have adopted the metric system and use kilometers to measure large distances. The UK and the US, however insist on keeping the miles on the signs on all their roadways.

The United Kingdom has officially changed over to the metric system, but refuse to change all the roadway signs. People there have a long history with the mile as their unit of measurement and do not want to change. It does not appear that this will change anytime soon.

Kilometers are a unit of measurement in the Metric system. Throughout the centuries many systems were termed metric. It was not until the 1960s that the metric system was standardized into what we know it as today. This system is termed the “Système International d’Unités” in France, giving it the title “SI”unit.

The main purpose of the Metric System is to simplify and standardize measurements. With every measurement being divisible by ten, it is much easier to understand and teach to future generations.

Kilometers and Miles have a long and often forgotten history. As we enjoy the modern units of measurement, it is good to reflect on the past and remember how they became what they are today.